The ethics of the stanford prison experiment
It was found that students who responded to the classified advertisement for the "prison life" were higher in traits such as social dominanceaggressionauthoritarianismetc. After the study, how do you think the prisoners and guards felt?
The guards were given only a brief orientation telling them to maintain law and order, avoid physical violence, and prevent prisoner escapes. The experiment itself has come under fire over the years.
Stanford prison experiment hypothesis
For example, juveniles accused of federal crimes are no longer housed before trial with adult prisoners, due to the risk of violence against them. Zimbardo himself waited in the basement, in case the released prisoner showed up, and planned to tell him that the experiment had been terminated. Alternatively, prisoners and guards may behave in a hostile manner due to the rigid power structure of the social environment in prisons. After this, the guards generally began to harass and intimidate the prisoners. When he refused to eat his sausages, saying he was on a hunger strike , guards confined him to " solitary confinement ", a dark closet: "the guards then instructed the other prisoners to repeatedly punch on the door while shouting at Comments The Stanford University prison experiment was abruptly ended 44 years ago after treatment of pseudoprisoners by pseudoguards, both played by students, escalated too far for the researchers to tolerate. Three guards worked shifts of eight hours each the other guards remained on call. Participants playing the role of prisoners were not protected from psychological harm, experiencing incidents of humiliation and distress. Christina Maslach, a recent Stanford Ph. They also had a tight nylon cap to cover their hair, and a locked chain around one ankle. Zimbardo's experiment.
I think a big reason is what the prison study shows--they fall into the role their society has made for them. The prison had two fabricated walls, one at the entrance, and one at the cell wall to block observation.
Why was the stanford prison experiment stopped
Prior to the twentieth century, elaborate set of rules and regulations regarding the use of human subjects in experiments merely did not exist. The research had felt "real" to them. He further intensified his actions because he was nicknamed " John Wayne " by the other participants, even though he was trying to mimic actor Strother Martin , who had played the role of the sadistic prison Captain in the movie. He advertised asking for volunteers to participate in a study of the psychological effects of prison life. Zimbardo mentions his own absorption in the experiment. Asserting Authority Within hours of beginning the experiment some guards began to harass prisoners. It took quite a while before we became convinced that he was really suffering and that we had to release him. The study may also lack population validity as the sample comprised US male students. Zimbardo noted that, of more than 50 people who had observed the experiment, Maslach was the only one who questioned its morality. For example, prisoner and guards may have personalities which make conflict inevitable, with prisoners lacking respect for law and order and guards being domineering and aggressive. In Professor Zimbardo asked the American Psychological Association to conduct an ethics evaluation, and the APA concluded that all existing ethical guidelines had been followed. Conclusions and observations drawn by the experimenters were largely subjective and anecdotal , and the experiment is practically impossible for other researchers to accurately reproduce. Because the guards and prisoners were playing a role, their behavior may not be influenced by the same factors which affect behavior in real life. Zimbardo's experiment. Known as the Stanford Prison Experiment, the study went on to become one of the best-known in psychology's history.
The guards became abusive, and the prisoners began to show signs of extreme stress and anxiety. He was granted full access to all investigation and background reports, and testified as an expert witness in SSG Frederick's court martialwhich resulted in an eight-year prison sentence for Frederick in October Would you have terminated it earlier?
Zimbardo also strongly argues that the benefits gained about our understanding of human behavior and how we can improve society should out balance the distress caused by the study.
based on 79 review