The differing views of modernization and dependency

what is modernization

The semi-periphery functions as a go-between: it imports high technology from the core and in return exports semi-manufactured goods to the core. Second, socioeconomic development generates social changes that can potentially facilitate democratization.

relevance of modernisation theory to developing countries

By the late s opposition developed because the theory was too general and did not fit all societies in quite the same way. First, they argue that economic growth is more important for democracy than given levels of socioeconomic development. In the s, some critics argued that the link between modernization and democracy was based too much on the example of European history and neglected the Third World.

advantages of modernization theory

The dominant, neoliberal model of globalization often increases disparities between a society's rich and its poor. Naturally, such a policy leads to the growing dependence of developing countries on developed ones and, therefore, makes the socio-economic breakthrough impossible.

Historical materialism states that the colonized countries were bought into the global capitalist system as dependencies of their former colonial masters therefore cannot enter the global capitalist system such as modernization theory suggests.

Modernization theory pdf

As Kendall notes, "Urbanization accompanied modernization and the rapid process of industrialization. This clearly shows that both theories acknowledge a development gap between developing and developed countries. Modernization theorist Rostow revealed that, modernisation theory has five major stages that a traditional society has to pass through to become a Morden society. According to Seymour Martin Lipset, economic conditions are heavily determined by the cultural, social values present in that given society. And may require different programs that suite their needs. More so, there is a notable likeness in both theories because they both give valid and just explanations for development and underdevelopment. To put it more precisely, Modernization and Dependency theory stand on the ground that Western countries are the world leaders due to their higher level of development, which affects practically all spheres of life, including economic, political, social, and even cultural life Leys, Reducing poverty means that society must accept development.
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Difference Between Modernization Theory And Dependency